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Frame running

Frame running

Introduction to frame running

Frame running is a form of adaptive running. To allow the athlete to run, the athlete is supported by a three-wheeled frame. The frame provides the athlete with support and gives them stability. 

The frame will allow the athlete to ambulate down the track. For some of the athletes this will be the first time they will have experienced such a sensation – running independently and with freedom.  

Frame running is primarily for athletes with co-ordination impairments associated with cerebral palsy and related neurological conditions.   

Frame running provides a much-needed opportunity for aerobic exercise for individuals with severe motor and co-ordination impairments. 

World Abilitysport was formally the governing body for the athletics event but handrd governance of the event to World Para-Athletics in 2017. World Abilitysport works in partnership with World Para Athletics to promote the event and has an International Committee to support this work. 

Who Can Take Part? 

The International pathway for frame Running is for athletes with coordination impairments resulting from perebral Palsy, or  related  neurological conditions. The athletics event is suitable for any age group and can be enjoyed recreationally and competitively. 

Frame running can be enjoyed by other impairment group but at this time only at recreational level.


World Abilitysport and it research partners at Queen Margaret University and Edinburgh University have been working with World Para Athletics to develop a new classification system. This system was approved by the International Paralympic committee Governing Board in January 2023. 

World Abilitysport is currently supporting the roll-out of training of the new system for it’s international classifiers.  

The new classes for frame running with be integrated into the World Para Athletics classification rules and regulations. The new sport classes will be T71 & T72  

Details of the new system will be found at World Para Athletics Classification & Categories.

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Frame running frame

A frame running frame is a three-wheeled bike with no pedals, which provides support for walking or running. The low centre of gravity and frame design offers good stability and poise whilst running or walking. The saddle unit counteracts lateral sway and also can be used as a seat when resting. The frame rolls so freely that even children and adults who use power wheelchairs have found a way to propel themselves forwards by their own efforts. 

World Abilitysport maintains a list of  organisations who manufacture or distribute frames. This list can be accessed below.


How to start frame running in your club or country

World Abilitysport has series of resources that can assist clubs , organisations and countries develop frame running. These resources were created as part of an Erasmus project and are available in English, Portuguese and Danish. 

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